adapter is an important component of contemporary well system, whose function is to create an
impermeable, but removable connection between the house’s water system and the pump
purpose of the adapter is to create a passage for the water to go up for usage. The pitless
adapter is connected to the well casing where water from the pump passes through. It is joined
to the well system’s submersible pump through a brass rope adapter.
were the most dominant system used before the advent of the pitless adapter. Though innovative
during that era, well pits pose several health threats that it was soon considered unsafe for
Well pits were designed to prevent groundwater from freezing, but not to totally secure the water
from contamination and foreign objects. The use of well pits began to decrease in popularity in
1985 when the pitless well adapter (sometimes spelled pitless adaptor) was introduced in the
residential property owners no longer use well pits for their water systems but had to revert to
the use of pitless adapters. The use and installation of well pits is also discouraged as it has
been proven to be the primary reason of well contamination.
that continue to use well pits for their water systems are strongly encouraged to adhere to the use
of pitless adaptors as a safer and reliable solution. This requires the installation of a pitless
adaptor to the existing system and an extension to the well casing to go beyond the ground
Apart from the cleanliness of
the system, future servicing of the well is another drawback with well pits. Well servicemen find well pits hard to
maintain and fix. While this problem is common to well pits, it has also been addressed with how the pitless
adapter is designed to work.
Future service involving the
maintenance, removal, and repair of wells with pitless adapter installed is relatively easy and fast. Once pump
maintenance is required, such as a pump change, the adaptor can easily be removed and replaced.
There are many designs and
models of pitless adaptors available in the market today. These designs and models have slight differences with
their measurements, but offer similar output. Common measurements include 1” and 1 ¼”.
Most adapters are made from
brass, so durability and quality is guaranteed. In addition to the make and measurement, a special “O” ring is
placed on the openings of the adapter to maintain pressure.
When looking for a
replacement for a busted, leaked, or broken pitless well adaptor for your water well, checking the size of the casing should be the
first thing to consider. The size of the adapter must conform to the size of the casing to form a perfect
In most cases, casings with
measurements 5”, 7”, and 12” can be fitted with a 1” adapter. Along with the measure of the well adapter should
be its supported weight. Some can only support 900 lbs working load, while more robust ones can handle up to
2500 to 5000 lbs.
The internet is a good
place to start searching for a pitless well adapter, and we have included a few buying options in the pictures
above. Manufacturers like Brady, Simmons, and Campbell are three of the most popular makers of pitless
adapters whose products are available for order over the internet.
However, it is also very
important to know that these adapters can weight between 1.5 to 3 pounds or more, so be sure to check if your
purchase qualifies for free shipping.